Electric Vehicle Charge Point
Electric vehicle charging stations, whether domestic, commercial or public benefit everyone. They are safe, easy and reliable to use. Plugging in your vehicle is as simple and safe as plugging in your mobile phone.
Benefits of Installing Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Stations
As well as the obvious advantages for a homeowner, there are a number of reasons why an electric car charging station can help your business - from charging fleet cars to providing a space for the public to charge whilst visiting your business. Benefits include:
Helping the environment
Increasing revenue for local businesses
Promote local and visitor traffic to retail shopping districts
Promote the local job market
Increase the revenue of a particular city
Improve the image of a city and enhance its sustainability initiatives
Easy to install - low maintenance
The rate at which the plug-in vehicle market develops in the UK will be determined by a range of factors, such as consumer acceptance and oil prices, which are difficult to predict. Independent forecasts suggest that hundreds of thousands of plug-in vehicles could be on the road by 2020 and we need to be equipped to deal with this; but we also need to be ready to accommodate an even more rapid rate of growth should this occur.
We are able to supply and install charging points which are suitable for domestic and commercial environments, as well as roadside, car parks and petrol stations.
Electric vehicle (EV) is the umbrella term for any vehicle that is powered, in part or in full, by a battery that can be directly plugged into mains electricity. In short, any vehicle that can be plugged in including pure-electric, plug-in hybrid and extended-range electric vehicles, these aren’t to be confused with Hybrid’s.
- Pure-Electric Vehicle (Pure-EV) – A vehicle powered solely by a battery charged from mains electricity. Currently, typical pure-electric cars have a range of approximately 100 miles but are improving all the time.
- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) - A vehicle with a plug-in battery and an internal combustion engine (ICE). Typical PHEVs will have a pure-electric range of over 10 miles. After the pure-electric range is utilised, the vehicle reverts to the benefits of full hybrid capability (utilising both battery power and ICE) without range compromise.
- Extended-Range Electric Vehicle (E-REV) - A vehicle powered by a battery with an ICE powered generator on board. E-REV’s are like pure-EV’s but with a shorter battery range of around 40 miles. Range is extended by an on board generator providing many additional miles of mobility. With an E-REV the vehicle is still always electrically driven.
- Hybrid - A hybrid vehicle is powered by, either or both, a battery and an ICE. The power source is selected automatically by the vehicle, depending on speed, engine load and battery charge level. This battery cannot be plugged in; charge is maintained by regenerative braking supplemented by ICE generated power. A number of fuels can power hybrid ICE’s, including petrol, diesel, Compressed Natural Gas, Liquid Petroleum Gas and other alternative fuels.
EV’s can meet our needs…
- 50% of worldwide population living in cities
- In Europe, over 80% of Europeans drive less than 63 miles in a typical day
- In the UK, the average individual journey length is 8.6 miles
- 23 hours is the average time a car is parked each day
- UK target to cut CO2 emissions by at least 80% by 2050
Models of Charging
There are 4 key modes (as defined in the standard BS EN 61851-1) for the charging of an electric vehicle, as summarised below:
- Mode 1 charging: Non-dedicated circuit and socket-outlet, charging without cable-incorporated RCD protection Mode 1 should not be used for the charging of an electric vehicle because RCD protection, which is necessary for a safe charging system, cannot be guaranteed at all outlets.
- Mode 2 charging: Non-dedicated circuit and socket-outlet, charging with cable-incorporated RCD protection Mode 2 can be used for the charging of an electric vehicle in locations where there is no dedicated charging installation (Mode 3 or 4, see below), and for use by legacy vehicles. Mode 2 cables are provided with an in-cable control box (including RCD), set and adjusted to a specific charging power, and guarantee the provision of RCD protection during charging.
- Mode 3 charging: Fixed and dedicated socket-outlet Mode 3 can be used for the charging of an electric vehicle and this is the preferred solution in the long term. Mode 3 chargers are defined in 2 configurations, either with a tethered cable or a dedicated socket-outlet.
- Mode 4 charging: Dedicated rapid charging, DC supply. Mode 4 is a necessary service function for rapid charging, for use as roadside assistance and service station charging on long journeys.
Types of Charging and Standard Charging Times
Slow – using a standard 13 amp supply (10 – 12 hours for full charge)
Slow – using a 16 amp supply (6 – 8 hours for full charge)
Fast – uses single or three phase 32 amp supply (3 – 4 hours for full charge)
Rapid – uses a Direct Current supply (typically 80% charge in 30 mins)